Trends in the energy field

Trends in fossil fuel decarbonization

By 2030, it is projected that the proportion of fossil fuels used for energy will decrease to 40%.

Rapid increase in renewable energy

Renewable energy is expected to reach a new record of over 500 gigawatts by 2023.

Global shift towards green energy

The European Union confirms that the Green Deal 2030 will focus on minimizing carbon emissions, enhancing the utilization of renewable energy, and promoting environmentally friendly products.

Diverse energy conversion and storage systems

Various energy conversion and storage technologies are being implemented, such as Pumped Hydro Storage, Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES), lithium-ion batteries, and hydro energy storage.

Hydro energy as a core, future trend

Hydro energy boasts a high specific energy density (approximately 143 MJ kg^-1), is environmentally friendly, and is combined with fuel cells to generate power for various applications.

Applications of green energy

Green energy is gaining popularity across various applications due to its environmental benefits and versatility, including the following outstanding applications

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCV)s: Hydrogen-powered cars and buses are becoming more prevalent, offering a clean alternative to traditional gasoline and diesel vehicles.

Shipping: Hydrogen is being explored as a fuel for maritime transportation, providing a sustainable option for large vessels.

Hydrogen for Manufacturing: Hydrogen is used in industries such as steel and chemical production as a clean fuel and feedstock, replacing conventional fossil fuels.

Refining: Hydrogen is employed in oil refining processes to remove impurities and produce cleaner fuels.

Hydrogen Power Plants: Power plants that utilize hydrogen fuel cells to generate electricity are being developed, providing a low-carbon alternative to traditional power sources.

Energy Storage: Hydrogen can be used for energy storage, helping to balance the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources like wind and solar.

Hydrogen-based Heating Systems: Hydrogen can be used in fuel cells for residential and commercial heating applications, providing a clean and efficient source of energy.

Aerospace: Research and development are ongoing for hydrogen-powered aircraft, aiming to reduce the aviation industry's carbon footprint.

Emergency Power: Hydrogen fuel cells are used as backup power systems for critical infrastructure, such as data centers and hospitals, ensuring continuous power during outages.

Hydrogen Infrastructure: Infrastructure is being developed for hydrogen refueling stations to support the growing fleet of hydrogen-powered vehicles.

Hydrogen in Industry: Hydrogen is a crucial component in the production of various chemicals, including ammonia and methanol, without the associated carbon emissions.

Remote Communities: Hydrogen can provide a sustainable energy source for remote or off-grid communities, where traditional power sources may be impractical.

Decades of research

  • 1800

    The process of electrolysis is discovered. William Nicholson and Sir Anthony Carlisle found that passing an electric current through water produces hydrogen and oxygen gases.

  • 1838

    The first hydrogen fuel cell is developed to generate electricity.

  • 1960

    General Electric invents the hydrogen fuel cell for power generation in the space missions of Apollo and Gemini.

  • 2008

    Honda begins leasing the hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle FCX Clarity.

  • 2016

    Toyota introduces the first hydrogen fuel cell vehicle, the Toyota Mirai.

  • 2018

    The global fleet of hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) surpasses 12,952 units.

  • 2019

    Alaka'i Technologies introduces Skai, the world's first hydrogen-powered aerial mobility solution.

  • Today

    Hydrogen is commercially produced with diverse applications. Global production reaches approximately 75 MtH2/year as pure hydrogen and an additional 45 MtH2/year in gas mixtures.

How does BIGNANOTECH work on Energy Field

In the contemporary world, the issue of cost reduction for hydrogen energy is currently and actively being addressed. The production cost of hydrogen remains relatively high, limiting the scope of application for this green energy type. Bignano Company focuses on researching the improvement of hydro generation electrodes to achieve an economically efficient process for green hydrogen production. The hydro generation electrodes manufactured by Bignano have components derived from natural sources, making them environmentally friendly. Bignano is actively working towards replacing high-cost platinum metal electrodes in large-scale hydrogen production systems.

With the belief and commitment to the development of green and renewable energy, Bignano hopes to contribute to reducing environmental pollution and expanding the practical applications of hydrogen energy. This aligns with the goals pursued by many large companies worldwide.

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